In most developed countries, alternative energy programmes are being implemented. Some estimates indicate that a green energy development system has not yet been developed in the RF
One of the themes of the XX Petersburg International Economic Forum is alternative energy and prospects for its development. An expert from RANHIGS Ivan Capitones presented the TAS.
The most recent decade is the greening of energy around the world, including in Russia. Pessimistic hypothesis of the 80-90s of the HC in the critical reduction of hydrocarbon stocks and global oil shortages, a surge in energy prices at the beginning of the 21st. The overall increase in technological and man-made environmental loads, climate change has affected the changing priorities of global energy development, increasing the importance of renewable energy (RE), extracting alternative fuels and accelerating energy growth.
As early as 2011, renewable energy was identified by Eurostat experts as a sector under implementation with a moderate level of competitiveness. At the same time, global demand for RE has shown steady growth. It is expected that by 2050, their share in the world energy balance will reach 35 per cent, which is perhaps the most optimistic prediction of REVs from available ones.
Overboard the Green Revolution?
It is no secret that in most developed countries, alternative energy programmes are being developed and implemented. The key benefits of VEs - inferiority and ecologicality - are the basis for dynamic green energy development.
According to the American environmental scientist, Woodrow Clark, with renewables Energy Sources Green energy market transformation can be seen in the EU, Asia and China. In so doing, if the United States is at the beginning of the life cycle of RE, Russia is moving more actively towards the green industrial processing of renewable energy sources.
At the same time, another expert, member of the Energy Law Forum, Anatol Booth, University of Aberdin, noted that, as of 2014, Russia had still not developed an effective system to promote clean energy.