Outlook For Hydropower Development
In recent decades, there has been a qualitative change in global hydropower due to economic, political and technological reasons.
The extent to which the Territory ' s hydropower potential is exploited is among the major factors that determine the development of hydropower. In the developed world, most of the economically viable hydropotential is generally exploited, in particular in Europe, 75 per cent, North America, about 70 per cent, and large-scale hydropower is almost exhausted.
In developing countries, on the contrary, most hydropotential (including large) remains undeveloped, ranging from over 93 per cent in Africa to 67 per cent in South America.
In addition to economic feasibility, the development of hydropower sets environmental priorities. As the construction of large hydropower tends to pose significant environmental problems, in high-environment countries this has become an additional barrier to the development of large hydrogeneration.
As a result of the combined effects of these factors, there is a clear hydroelectricity in developing countries, where hydropotential and environmental considerations play a smaller role (both because of less stringent environmental standards and due to undeveloped democratic traditions and low politicization of environmental issues). As a result, the International Energy Agency estimates that up to 80 per cent of the increase in hydrogeneration capacity will have to be absorbed by developing States over the next one and a half decades.
Despite large-scale hydroprojects in some developing countries (China, India, Brazil, Turkey and elsewhere), the global growth in hydropower capacity has declined markedly in the long term. If, in the second half of the twentieth century, the total installed power of hydroelectric power plants increased at an average rate of 70 to 80 per cent over the decade, it is expected to increase by not more than 25 per cent in the first decade of the current century. Generating power using others. ♪ ♪
Small in the world are considered to be a GEC with a capacity not exceeding 10 MW. This criterion is established in particular in the European Union. However, in some countries (especially the rich hydropower) a higher threshold has been adopted, for example, in Canada and Brazil, the GSE is considered small to be up to 30 MW.