Первоначальный проект

Hydropower Ssr

In 1947–1948, a comprehensive programme was developed to prevent droughts, sandstorms and dust storms through the construction of water bodies, planting of forest-protection salines and the introduction of grass-roots traffic in the southern regions of the USSR (War, Western Kazakhstan, North Caucasus, Ukraine). On 20 October 1948, the Council of Ministers of the USSR and the WCPC (b) " On the Plan of Protective Forest Management, the introduction of grass-roots crops, the construction of ponds and waters to ensure high sustainable yields in the step-by-step and forestry areas of the European part of the USSR " are also known as the same.

This plan has been followed by a number of regulations on the construction and upgrading of hydrotechnical facilities. These include:

  • Sowmin of the USSR of 1950 " On the transition to a new irrigation system with a view to making better use of irrigated lands and improving agricultural mechanization " .
  • Decision of Sowmin of the USSR of 21 August 1950 " On the construction of the Kuibishev hydroelectric plant on the Volga River " .
  • Sowmin SSSR Regulation of 31 August 1950 " On the construction of the Stalingrad hydroelectric power plant on the Volga, on irrigation and flooding of the Picaspia areas " .
  • Sowmin of the USSR Order of 12 September 1950 " On the construction of the main Turkmen channel Amu Darya - Krasnovodsk, on the irrigation and drainage of the southern areas of the Picaspay plain of Western Turkmenia, the lowlands of Amu Darya and the western part of the Kara-Kuma desert " .
  • Resolution of the SM of the USSR of 20 September 1950 " On the construction of the Kahov hydroelectric plant on Dnieper, the South Ukraine Canal, the North Crimean Canal and the irrigation of the lands of the southern regions of Ukraine and the northern regions of Crimea " .

The planned power of the Kuibishev and Stalingrad hydroelectric power stations was 3.7 million kWh, which allowed an average of 20 billion kWh, and at that time they were the largest stations in the world. The planned capacity of the Kahov hydroelectric power plant was projected at 250,000 kWh with electricity production of about 1 billion kWh. The Zimlan hydroelectric power station is 160,000 kW. In West Turkmen, three hydroelectric plants with a total capacity of 100,000 kW were to be built on the planned main Turkmen channel.

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