Alternative Hydropower In Rosesia
Hydropower and alternative energy sources are becoming more relevant. Incineration of oil and coal is expensive, while the use of water, wind and sun energy does not require fuel costs, the funds go only to construction and repair. However, GEC does not have harmful emissions, which has a positive impact on the environment and saves money on payments under the Kyoto Protocol. In addition, GEC is much more effective as a manoeuvrability for the Single Energy System: it can be launched in a few minutes, while many hours are required for the launch of TEC boilers, nuclear power plants are launched by daily subsistence allowance. Most GECs in Russia are controlled by Rusgidro, where the reform of the Russian EEA has focused on the country ' s main hydrogenerative assets. This company brings together more than 70 renewable energy facilities and the total power of power plants in Russia.
1. Russia ' s hydropotential is in the second place in the world after China, but it is only 20 per cent of the total.
Russia has the largest hydropotential, whose full development would completely eliminate other sources of electricity. Regrettably, most of the unused hydropotential is concentrated in hard-to-reach areas in East Siberia and the Far East. In Russia, almost 16 per cent of all energy is generated on GEC. Currently, there are 102 hydropower stations with a capacity of over 100 MW.
Developed countries have already used their hydropotential almost entirely. In particular, in Western Europe, it has been developed by more than 90 per cent. Hydroelectric power stations are very active in developing countries, Brazil, Ethiopia, India, and especially China, which is now a recognized leader of global hydropower.